* Earth * Mars * Venus * Mercury * Moon * Extinctions & Evolution * Tektites * Volcanism

GSA Catastrophic Events Special Papers are included under books.

The SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (Harvard)
Seismic Waves and Earth's Interior: SLU EAS-A193 Class Notes; http://www.newgeology.us/presentation25.html
Seafloor magnetic stripes: look again: http://www.newgeology.us/presentation25.html
The First Arab Impact and Astrophysics Conference (9-11 November 2009), Amman, Jordan.

Geophysics and Mechanics

2009 What if there's more to impact tectonic than just craters?
2008 Computing Effects of an Impact on Earth (Univesity of Arizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory)
2008 Geomagnetic reversal - (Wikipedia HTML)
2008 Combined Gravity Field Model EIGEN-CG01C: GFZ Potsdam, Department 1 (HTML)
2007 PDF file of poster sessionAnalysis of impact craters on Mercury’s surface, Martellat, E. Cremones, G., Marzari, V. , Massironi, M., and Capria, M.T.: Mem. S.A.It. Suppl. Vol. 11, 124
2007 Physical Effects of Comet and Asteroid Impacts: Beyond the Crater Rim, Melosh, H.J., Bobrowsky, P.T., and Rickman H., eds: Comet/Asteroid Impacts and Human Society; An Interdisciplinary Approach, p. 211-224.
2007 Interactions between impact craters and tectonic fractures on Enceladus and Dione: Miller, D. J., Barnash, A. N., Bray, V. J. , Turtle, E. P. Helfenstein, P. Squyres, S. W. and Rathbun, J. A.., Ices, Oceans, and Fire: Satellites of the Outer Solar System
2007 PDF file of poster sessionComparing Laboratory and Hydrocode Experiments for Oblique Impacts into Spherical Targets. Schultz , P. H. and Crawford, D. A.:  Workshop on Impact Cratering II (2007)n 8049.pdf
2005 PDF file of poster session How Big was the Chesapeake Bay Impact? Insight from Numerical Modeling, Collins, S., Wünnemann, K.:  Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI 1736.pdf
2004 Enigmatic formation of the Norfolk Basin, SW Pacific: A plume influence on back-arc extension, Sdrolias, M., R. D. Müller, A. Mauffret, and G. Bernardel: Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 5, Q06005, doi:10.1029/2003GC000643.
2004 Modeling global impact effects on middle-sized icy bodies: applications to saturn's moons: Bruesch,Lindsey S. and Asphaug, Erik, Icarus, vol. 168, no2, pp. 457-466
2004 Reflection properties of the core-mantle boundary from global stacks of PcP and ScP, Vidale,  J.E. and Persh, S.E.; Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 109, B04309
2003 Asymmetry of ejecta flow during oblique impacts using three-dimensional particle image velocimetry; Anderson,  J.L.B,  Schultz, P.H., James T. Heineck, J.T., Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108
2001  A study of dynamic tensile strength and fracture toughness using impact test, Yeon-Ho Jin, Hyung-Sik Yangs and Chul-Whan Park: in Frontiers of Rock Mechanics and Sustainable Development in the 21st Century, ed. Wang Sijing, Fu Bingjun, Li Zhonkui, Swets abnd Zeitlinger Publishers Lisse
2000 Impact Events and Their Effect on the Origin, Evolution, and Distribution of Life, Kring, D.A.: GSA Today, v. 10, no. 8
2000 Melt Production in Oblique Impacts, Pierazzo, E. and Melosh, H.J., Icarus,vVo. 145, Issue 1, p. 252-261
2000 Understanding Oblique Impacts from Experiments, Observations, and Modeling, Pierazzo, E. and Melosh, H.J.: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol. 28: 141-167
2000 Hydrocode Modelling of Oblique Impacts; The Fate of the Projectile: Pierazzo, E. and Melosh, H.J:, Meteroritics & Planetary Science, v. 35, p. 117-130
1997 Impact cratering: An overview of mineralogical and geochemical aspects, after: Koeberl, C., Impact cratering: The mineralogical and geochemical evidence. In: Proceedings, "The Ames Structure and Similar Features", ed. K. Johnson and J. Campbell, Oklahoma Geological Survey Circular 100, 30-54)
1997 Rheology of planetary lithospheres: a review from impact cratering mechanics; P. G. Thomas, P. Allemand & N. Mangold: Geological Society, London, Special Publications; 1997; v. 121; p. 39-62
1995 Normal Polarity Intervals, Revised calibration of the geomagnetic polarity time scale for the Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic; Cande, S.C. and D.V. Kent, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 6093-6095,
1994 PDF file of poster session Axial Focusing of Impact Energy in the Earth’s Interior: a Possible Link to Flood Basalts and Hotspots, Boslough, M.B., Chael, E.P., Trucano, T.G., Crawford, D.A, and Campbell, D. L. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123-0821, USA, Proceedings of the Conference on New Developments Regarding the KT Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth History, in Ryder, G.S. Gartner, S. and Fastovsky, D. eds., Geological Society of America Special Paper.
1984 Evidence from core-reflected shear waves for anisotropy in the Earth's mantle: Yoshio Fukao, Nature 309, p.695 - 698
1992  The Geophysical Signature of Terrestrial Impact Craters: Pilkington, M. and R. A. F. Grieve, Reviews of Geophysics, vol. 30, pp. 161-181.
1982 Far-field tectonics associated with a large impact basin - Applications to Caloris on Mercury and Imbrium on the moon, Fleitout, L.; Thomas, P. G., Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 58, no. 1, p. 104-115.
1981 Tectonic evolution of terrestrial planets, Head, J. W.; Solomon, S. C, Science, vol. 213, p. 62-76
1976 PDF file of poster session The Energy Balance and Deformation Mechanisms of Thrust Sheets, Elliott, D., Journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Volume 283, Number 1312
1973 Rock Fracture, Mogi, K, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Vol. 1, p.63


2007 Impact-induced decompression melting: A possible trigger for volcanism and mantle hotspots? (mantleplumes.org HTML)
2007 PDF file of poster sessionCan impacts induce volcanic eruptions?  Melosh, H. J.: Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721.
2004 Impacts do not initiate volcanic eruptions: Eruptions close to the crater; Glikson, A.Y., Comment in Geology: Online Forum
2004 Magmatic evolution of impact-induced Martian mantle plumes and the origin of Tharsis: C. C. Reese, V. S. Solomatov, J. R. Baumgardner, D. R. Stegman, A. V. Vezolainen: Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 109
2002 PDF file of poster sessionImpact induced melting and the development of large igneous provinces. Adrian P. Jones, A.P.,Price, G.D., Price, N.J., DeCarli, P.S., Clegg, R.A.: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 202,  p.551-561


* Near-Earth Objects (UK National SPace Center)
* The Chiemgau Impact (http://www.chiemgau-impact.com/streuellipse.html)
* The Chicxulub Debate (Princeton University)
* Structure_of_the_Earth (Wikipedia HTML)
* Dave Weir's Meteorite Studies (www.meteritestudies.com)
* Chicxulub and the Gulf of Mexico (Miami University of Ohio)
* The Lately Tortured Earth by Alfred deGrazia (HTML)
* The Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale (GPTS) (Woods Hole Marine Magnetism Group)
* Tektite Information, Solving The Tektite Puzzle (The Meteorite Exchange, Inc.)
PDF file Meteor Crater: The Century of Debates and Investigations. ( V. L. Masaitis Karpinsky Geological Institute, Russia)
Meteorites from Earth: The Tale of Tektites By Richard Jakiel  (www.gamineral.org HTML)
* The History of Africa; MIT Crosby Lectures in Geology: Africa (MIT Open Course Ware HTML)
* Source of Australasian Tektites: Investigating Possible Impact Sites in Laos (Harvard University)
* Are meteors, origin of traps (basalt flood), the engine of plate tectonics and evolution? (HTML)
* The Chesapeake Bay Bolide Impact: A New View of Coastal Plain Evolution (USGS - Marine)
PDF fileNorthern Gulf of Mexico basement architecture: crustal study to prospect leads: 1999 Society ofExploration Geophysics Sixty_Ninth Annual Meeting Workshop: The Seimic Link: Recuing Risk, Houston, TX
2008 Impacts, mega-tsunami, and other extraordinary claims: Pinter , Nicholas and Scott E. Ishman, S.E.,: GSA Today Article: pp. 37–38
2008 Regional Geology of Shanxi Province: Shaanxi Bureau of Geology and Mineral Exploration and Development (HTML)
2007 Integrated Seismic and Gravity Data Modeling: Basement Structure in the Gulf of Mexico, Dale E. Bird, D.E., Radovich, B.J.and Moon, J.
2007 Post-Impact Sedimentation of the Chesapeake Bay Impact Structure: Local and Regional Effects; Kulpecz, A. A.; Hayden, T.; Miller, K. G.; Browning, J. V.; Kominz, M. A.; Edwards, L. E.; Powars, D. S., American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting , abstract #U21E-08
2007 Subduction origin on early Earth: A hypothesis; Hansen, V.L., Geology, v. 35, no. 12, p. 1059-1062
2006 Ring Structure in South Ordos Basin and Its Geologic Genesis; Feng-Jie Yang; Ming-Zhen Wang;Zeng-Xue Li;Guang-Kai Dai; Wei-Hua Jia, Chinese Electronic Periodical Service
2005 Earth Impacts Effects Program: A web-based computer program for calculating the regional envornmental consequences ofa meteroid impact on Earth, Gareth S. Collins, G.S., Melosh, H.J. and Marcus, R.A.: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40, Nr 6, p. 817–840
2005 A Review on the Global Stratotype Section and Point of the Permian-Triassic Boundary; Yin Hongfu, Tong Jinnan, Zhang Kexin, Acta Geoloica, Sinica, vol.79 , no.6, p..715-728.
2005 Tectonic and stratigraphic controls of hydrocarbon systems in the Ordos basin: A multicycle cratonic basin in central China; Yongtai Yang, Wei Li and Long Ma: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin; February 2005; v. 89; no. 2; p. 255-269
2004 Shallow crustal structure of Chicxulub impact crater imaged with seismic, gravity and magnetotelluric data: inferences about the central uplift,;Campos-Enríquez1, J. O., Chávez-García, F. J. Cruz, H.,  Acosta-Chang, J. G., Matsui, T. Arzate,, J. A. , Unsworth, M. J.  and . Ramos-López, J., Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 157,  Issue 2, p. 515.
2002 Size and structure of the Chicxulub crater revealed by horizontal gravity gradients and cenotes, Hildebrand,A. R.,  Pilkington, M., Connors, M., Ortiz-Aleman,, C. and Chavez, R.E.: Letters to Nature 376, p.415 - 417.
2001 End-Permian catastrophe by a bolide impact: Evidence of a gigantic release of sulfur from the mantle; Kaiho K, Kajiwara Y, Nakano T, Miura Y, Kawahata H, et al.: Geology, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 815–818,
2001 Lateral Ramps in the Folded Appalachians and in Overthrust Belts Worldwide --A Fundamental Element of Thrust-Belt Architecture: Pohn, H.A.: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2163, Online Version 1.0
2001  Paleozoic through Cenozoic uplift, erosion, stream capture, and deposition history in the Valley and Ridge, Blue Ridge, Piedmont, and Coastal Plain provinces of Tennessee, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, and District of Columbia; Naeser, C.W., Naeser, N.D., Kunk, M.J., Morgan, B.A., III, Schultz, A.P., Southworth, C.S., and Weems, R.E.: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 33, no. 6, p. A312.
2000 Mass failure of the North Atlantic margin triggered by the Cretaceous-Paleogene bolide impact; Norris, R.D., Firth, John Jerzy S. Blusztajn, J.J.S., and Ravizza, Gregory: Geology, v. 28; no. 12; p. 1119-1122
1999 Layer parallel shortening: A mechanism for determining deformation timing at the junction of the central and southern Appalachians; Whitaker, A.E., and Bartholomew, M.J.: American Journal of Science, Vol. 29, P. 238-254.|
1998 Evidence for a late Triassic multiple impact event on Earth; Spray, J.G., Kelley, S.P, and Rowley, D.B., Nature, vol. 392, p. 171 (also Lunar and Planetary Science XXIX, 1860.PDF)
1987 P-wave veolocity structure of lithosphere-asthenosphere beneath the Western Northwest Pacific Basin determined by an ocean-bottom seismoteter array observation: Bulletin of the Earthquake Research Instititue, Universoty of Texas, vo. 52, , p. 1-18
1997 Geologic history of Lowell impact; J. H. Lias, J. M. Dohm, and K. L. Tanaka, U.S., Geological Survey, Flagstaff, AZ; 86001; Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII
1993 Middle Eocene intrusive rocks of the central Appalachian Valley and Ridge province - setting, chemistry, and implications for crustal structure: Southworth, C., Gray, K., and Sutter, J.: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1839-J, p. 1-24.
1983 The Congo Craton: An old impact structure?, Kochemasov, G. G.:Lunar and Planetary ScienceXIV, p. 377-378.
Rich Text Format (RTF)Structures of Appalachian foreland fold-thrust belt; fold-thrust geometries for the Juniata Culmination, Central Appalachians of Pennsylvania, Nickelsen, R., Engelder, T., and McConaughy, D., adapted from: Field Trip Guidebook T166: Day 4, 28th International Geological Congress.
???? Origin of the Bermuda volcanoes and Bermuda Rise: History, Observations, Models, and Puzzles, Vogt, P.R. and Jung, Woo-Yeol, www.mantleplumes.org (HTML/PDF)


Oblique Impact Complex Including Syria Planum and Sinai Planum (www.impactectonics.org)
2007A double oblique impact on Mars: Asteroid or Moonlet? Chappelow, J. E., Herrick, ,Arctic Region Supercomputing Center, U. of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, and Geophysical Institute, U. of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK . http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2007/pdf/1419.pdf
2005 Giant impact basins trace the ancient equator of Mars (Earth andPlanetary Sciences, McGill University, Canada, jafar@eps.mcgill.ca), Arkani-Hame, Jafar , http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2005/pdf/2177.pdf6
2004 Tectonic histories between Alba Patera and Syria Planum, Mars, R. C. Anderson, J. M. Dohmb, A. F. C. Haldemanna, T. M. Harec and V. R. Bakerb, Icarus, Vol. 171, Issue 1, September 2004, Pages 31-38.
2004 The Syrtis Major volcanic province, Mars: Synthesis from Mars Global Surveyor data, H. Hiesinger, Department of Geological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA, J. W. Head III, Department of Geological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 109, E01004, doi:10.1029/2003JE002143, 2004
2003 Can a solid inner core of Mars be detected from observations of polar motion and nutation of Mars? V. Dehant, T. Van Hoolst, O. de Viron, M. Greff-Lefftz, H. Legros, P. Defraigne: Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108, No. E12, 5127
2002 Strength of Faults on Mars from MOLA Topography, Nimmo, F., Barnett, D., Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII, 1169.pdf
2002 Environmental Effects of Large Impacts on Mars, T. L. Segura, O. B. Toon, A. Colaprete, and K. Zahnle, Science 298, 1977-1980
???? Impact crater hydrothermal niches for life on Mars: A qurestion of scale, O. Pope1 D. E. Ames, S. W. Kieffer, and A. C. Ocampo
1982 The structure and evolution of ancient impact basins on Mars, Schultz, P. H.; Schultz, R. A.; Rogers, J., Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 87, Nov. 30, p. 9803-9820.


2004 Chronology of lobate scarp thrust faults and mechanical structure of Mercury's lithosphere, Watters, T. R., Nimmo F. and Robinson, M. S. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV.
2004 Thrust faults and the global contraction of Mercury, Watters, T.M., Robinson, M.S., Bina, C.R., and Spudis, P.D., 2004, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, L04701
1982 Global volcanism and tectonism on Mercury - Comparison with the moon, Thomas, P. G.; Masson, P.; Fleitout, L., Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 58, no. 1, Mar. 1982, p. 95-103. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1982E%26PSL..58...95t

Extinctions, Evolution, and Glaciers

2008 A Quantitative North American Mammalain Time Scale: Alroy, John, Department of Paleobiology, Smithsonian Institution, MRC 121, Washington, DC 20560, USA (HTML)
2008  Isotopic Evidence for Glaciation During the Cretaceous Supergreenhouse, André Bornemann,Richard D. Norris, Oliver Friedrich, Britta Beckmann, Stefan Schouten, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, Jennifer Vogel, Peter Hofmann, Thomas Wagner, Science 11 January 2008:, Vol. 319. no. 5860, pp. 189 - 192.
2007 Did an Asteroid Shower Kick-Start the Great Diversification?, Kerr, R.A., Science, Vol. 318. no. 5858, p. 1854.
2005 The Extinction of the Dinosaurs in North America, GSA Today GSA Article: pp. 4–10.
2000 Impact Events and Their Effect on the Origin, Evolution, and Distribution of Life, Kring, D.A., GSA Today, v. 10, no. 8.
1997 The K-T Extinction Boundary: Selected Primary Scientific References



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